Landscaping 101

Landscaping makes a place look beautiful by planting flowers, trees, shrubs, and other plants. It also includes hardscaping and installing water features. Landscaping uses its horticultural knowledge and eye for design to create aesthetically-pleasing outdoor spaces. Their work involves maintaining relationships with plant nurseries and garden supply companies, traveling to landscaping sites, and working with other landscape professionals.


Color is a fundamental part of any landscape design, and it can make or break an outdoor space. It can draw the eye to a focal point, create unity or highlight texture and form. Like any art form, color requires careful consideration in its placement and combinations. It can be overwhelming when faced with many choices, so a consultation with a professional is often recommended to achieve the perfect hues for your space.

A good place to start is with the colors of nature, which can offer inspiration for many different color schemes. For instance, a sunset palette with rich warm hues or a forest vibe with dark green and amber are both excellent options.

Another important factor is saturation, which can impact how a color looks. A color with high saturation tends to look bold within a scene, while one with low saturation may appear weak or dull.

In landscaping, form is a crucial element of design. Form can be the shape of plants, structures or voids.

During the planning stages of a landscape, one should consider what function each part will serve in the space. For example, if a family plans to use the yard as an extension of their indoor living area, they should plan for the outdoor spaces to be placed in relation to those areas.

Another important consideration in landscape design is scale or proportion. Large objects can overwhelm a small garden, while smaller objects can create a sense of balance in an otherwise large setting.

In addition, forms can be grouped in such a way to create a visual rhythm or focal point. For example, a group of flowers with the same shape and color scheme may create a recognizable pattern within a garden.

The texture of a plant’s foliage, bark, seed head, flower or stem is an important part of the way it feels. It also provides variety, interest and creates a sense of contrast.

Texture is the perceived surface quality of a plant part compared to surrounding plants and can be coarse, medium or fine. A good landscape designer will often mix plant textures to avoid monotony and draw attention to a planting bed.

The texture of a plant’s foliage or bark also affects the perception of distance and scale. For example, needle-leaved trees with a very fine texture at close range may appear more coarse when viewed from a distance.

Lines are a fundamental part of landscape design. They are used to shape plant beds and hardscape areas, create a physical flow in a space, and elicit emotional responses. Vertical lines move the eye skyward and make spaces feel larger and full of movement. Taller trees, arbors, and upright plants are effective ways to add vertical elements to a landscape.

Horizontal lines move the eye along the ground plane and are more subdued in character, promoting a sense of repose. Low garden walls, walkways, and short hedges are all examples of intentional horizontal lines in landscaping. In commercial landscapes, well-defined sight lines from one building to another, or to a vista on the horizon, are critical. Designers often use long views as a way to highlight a landmark building, an artistic installation, or comfortable seating areas.

The Value of a landscape is an important concept to discuss as it affects the management of natural resources. In addition to the aesthetic qualities of landscapes, they can contribute to health, equity, and community wellbeing. In addition, the value of a landscape can also be measured in relation to other assets and resources, such as economic wealth and increased mobility. In the following, we discuss how to quantify the value of landscapes and compare their values against some common notional criteria.

Using lawn care services can help maintain the appearance and health of your landscaping. It is important to keep your property looking its best. The right professional can distinguish between an unappealing mess and a pristine green expanse. Most common lawn care services include mowing, fertilization, aeration, and seeding. Some companies will also offer weed control, tree care, and pest control services. These services are designed to help you avoid expensive repairs.